Is there an alternative to HOAs? One where the homeowner has more control over his own home, but where the common areas (Open Spaces) are paid for and maintained by the homeowners?
– Need alternative to HOAs
Dear Need Alternative to HOAs.
The answer is YES. An alternative to HOAs is the Improvement District.
What is an Improvement District?
Single family housing can be managed by either public management or private management (contractual governance schemes) called HOAs.
Prior to the 1960’s overwhelmingly all single family housing was managed through local governments paid through local property taxes with only a few hundred voluntarily created HOAs in existence. This changed in the mid 1960’s as the economics of land, the entrance of large corporate builders and government intervention forever changed the future of housing as the era of public/private partnerships began.
…But local HOA mandates aren’t the only governmental intervention. For decades, the Federal Housing Administration has indirectly subsidized the creation of HOAs by giving buyers easier access to mortgage financing when buying into an HOA community.
Government policies have caused developers to oversupply HOAs to meet artificial demand for HOA communities. When HOAs are created to satiate government bureaucrats, rather than homeowners, it shouldn’t be surprising that many HOA communities are neither well-crafted nor homeowner-friendly. But, the solution to the HOA problem is not more government intervention. It is less. The first step is for government to stop mandating and subsidizing the creation of HOAs.
Nick Dranias holds the Goldwater Institute, January 14, 2009
As corporate builders and government intervention grew, consumers no longer dictated the type of housing management to be used. Instead local governments decided a “one form of private governance fits all” housing policy would be best.
Who are HOAs best for?
For decade’s local governments have denied builders the choice of building single family housing without areas owned in common and instead mandated that all housing have common areas which automatically requires an HOA entity to be formed to own and maintain these areas. Why? It’s not because HOAs were formed to protect property values, that’s a false marketing claim perpetuated by the housing industry to mislead home buyers into accepting HOAs. Instead the primary reason for a HOAs creation is:
“What most people don’t realize is that the main purpose of a community association is to defer municipal financial and maintenance responsibilities from the public sector, by placing these obligations in the hands of the residents of the community,” Bolen said. “This privatization of public functions allows the continued development of housing and infrastructure without having to increase taxes for a municipality’s citizens.” Josh Bolen, esq., a litigation partner for Carpenter, Hazlewood, Delgado & Bolen, PLC.
Some forms of housing such as Condominiums and town-homes must have private governance and some single family housing such as ones with private streets and special amenities also need HOA governance. Because most local governments require subdivisions that are gated to have an HOA because the local governments cannot regulate and maintain private streets. Also subdivisions with special amenities such as air parks, large lakes, golf courses and those that own commercial property are all examples where privatize housing would be the best practice because local governments don’t what to own and maintains these specialized amenities.
SB1402 is about Improvement Districts. The goal is to return CHOICE to the housing marketplace after being denied control for decades in an effort to satiate local bureaucrats at the cost of meeting the demands of the consumer market place.
Even after consumers in independent surveys have said 60% to 80% of the time that they want single family housing not under the control of a private association. Because after decades of use consumers have come to realize that HOA managed housing is a big liability with ever increasing expenses and abuses instead of the industry claimed “To make better Community” or “To protect property values.” In addition a recent local survey has shown that housing under Improvement District management has overall higher property values then homes located in HOA managed neighborhoods. Which also means that local governments have lost both property and sales tax revenues by not having more housing under Improvement District control and because of that they have lost millions and likely tens of millions over the years for not doing so.
Improvement Districts not HOAs
Finally, although private housing management through HOAs has proven to be a “fundamentally unworkable” solution, local governments have refused to reevaluate their decade’s old housing policy and use other forms of housing available to them. SB1402 attempts to change today’s, one sided housing policy by mandating that local governments provide an alternate zoning code that allows builders to build single family housing neighborhoods without land owned in common. However someone still must own and maintain the landscaped areas, retention basis, street rights-of-ways, entrance monuments, parkways and parks etc. so public funds don’t have to be used.
The photo below is an example of an open space in use by the homeowners.
This has been successfully accomplished in the past through “Improvement Districts” that don’t have Boards, or architectural rules or eliminate the Homestead protection of the lot owners. Simply stated: Improvement Districts provide ownership and maintenance services paid for by a district tax that is significantly lower in cost than an Associations assessment. With participation from District residence and managed by public managers but without all the other baggage, liabilities and higher expenses that comes with HOA management.
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